Recruitment Process Outsourcing, commonly known as RPO, is the process of outsourcing an organization's recruitment function to a third-party service provider. RPO has become increasingly popular among companies of all sizes as it allows them to leverage the expertise and resources of a dedicated recruitment team while reducing costs and improving efficiency.

The goal of RPO is to help organizations improve the efficiency and effectiveness of their recruitment processes, while also reducing costs and improving the quality of hires. RPO providers leverage their expertise, technology, and resources to deliver recruitment services that meet the specific needs of their clients. This allows organizations to focus on their core business activities while leaving the recruitment process to the experts.

RPO can be customized to fit the unique needs of each organization, with services ranging from full-cycle recruitment process outsourcing to project-based or on-demand recruitment support. The scope of services provided by an RPO provider can also vary, depending on the organization's needs and preferences. Overall, RPO is a flexible and effective solution for organizations looking to optimize their recruitment processes and find the best talent for their teams.

What are the Major Types of Recruitment Process Outsourcing?

There are several types of RPO, including:

Full-cycle RPO: This type of RPO involves outsourcing the entire recruitment process to the service provider, from sourcing and screening candidates to onboarding new hires.

Partial RPO: This type of RPO involves outsourcing some parts of the recruitment process, such as candidate sourcing or screening, to the service provider, while the rest of the process is handled by the organization.

Project-based RPO: This type of RPO is used for specific recruitment projects or campaigns. The service provider is engaged for a specific period of time to handle the recruitment process for a particular project.

On-demand RPO: This type of RPO is similar to project-based RPO, but the service provider is engaged on an as-needed basis, typically for short-term or ad-hoc recruitment needs.

Hybrid RPO: This type of RPO involves a combination of in-house and outsourced recruitment processes. The organization may handle some parts of the process internally while outsourcing other parts to a service provider.

Why do Companies Engage in Recruitment Process Outsourcing?

There are several reasons why companies engage in Recruitment Process Outsourcing (RPO):

Cost savings: RPO can help organizations reduce their recruitment costs by providing economies of scale, leveraging technology, and streamlining processes.

Access to expertise: RPO providers have specialized knowledge and expertise in recruitment, which can help organizations find better-quality candidates, reduce time-to-hire, and improve retention rates.

Flexibility: RPO can be customized to meet the specific needs of each organization, providing flexibility and scalability as business needs change.

Improved candidate experience: RPO providers can improve the candidate experience by providing a more efficient and effective recruitment process, leading to higher satisfaction rates and better employer branding.

Reduced administrative: RPO providers can handle the administrative aspects of recruitment, such as compliance and reporting, freeing up internal resources to focus on other business activities.

Increased focus on core business: By outsourcing recruitment processes, organizations can focus on their core business activities, while leaving recruitment to the experts.

What are the Services Covered under RPO?

Recruitment Process Outsourcing providers offer a range of services to support an organization's recruitment needs. Some of the typical services covered under RPO include:

Talent sourcing: RPO providers use a variety of methods to identify and attract potential candidates, including job postings, social media recruiting, and direct sourcing.

Candidate screening: RPO providers review resumes, conduct pre-screening interviews, and perform candidate assessments to identify the best candidates for the job.

Interview: RPO providers schedule and coordinate interviews between candidates and hiring managers, ensuring a smooth and efficient process.

Onboarding support: RPO providers can provide onboarding support for new hires, including background checks, reference checks, and new hire paperwork.

Recruitment technology: RPO providers often use recruitment technology to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the recruitment process, such as applicant tracking systems and recruitment analytics.

Employer branding: RPO providers can help organizations develop and promote their employer brand, attracting top talent and improving retention rates.

Compliance and reporting: RPO providers can ensure compliance with legal and regulatory requirements, as well as provide reporting on recruitment metrics and outcomes.


Recruitment Process Outsourcing is an effective way for organizations to maximize efficiency and achieve better results in their recruitment processes. By outsourcing recruitment processes to external service providers, companies can focus on their core competencies and strategic objectives and can take advantage from the expertise of experienced professionals. RPO can improve the quality of hires, provide scalability and flexibility in recruitment processes, hence driving better overall performance. As a strategic business approach, RPO is worth considering for organizations looking to optimize their recruitment efforts.